The new material industry is one of the seven strategic emerging industries in China, and it is the industrial basis for the transformation and upgrading of the whole manufacturing industry. The relatively complete domestic industrial system also provides a huge market driving force for the development of the new material industry. However, according to the overall situation of industrial development, there is still a big gap between domestic and foreign countries in technological innovation and application transformation, and there is still a long way to go to bridge the gap.
As the forerunner of the global "Industrial 4.0" high and new technology, the industrial development of new materials has also been highly valued by many countries. The United States, Japan and Russia are all in the leading position of new materials in the world, and in recent years, they have issued policies to further refine the development direction of the new materials industry, and the development planning objectives and key areas of development are different.
The United States calls new materials "the flesh and blood of the development of science and technology", and proposes to maintain the global leading position of new materials in the development of new materials industry. For a long time, the United States attaches great importance to the development of new materials industry. During the Clinton administration, the United States issued policies such as "Advanced Technology Program (ATP)", "Advanced Technology and Technology Program (AMPP)", "Photovoltaic Building Program" and "Advanced Automotive Materials Program" to support the development of new materials. During the Trump administration, the United States also supported the development of the local new materials industry through export controls. On the whole, the United States mainly focuses on the goal of "maintaining global leadership in new materials" to formulate corresponding policies.
The flagship graphene project in Europe will continue to be funded to focus on research and innovation in graphene and its related materials. Europe launched the project "qualified carbon fibers and prepregs for European space technology", which aims to deal with the situation that the high-modulus / ultra-high modulus carbon fibers needed for European satellite subsystems are produced by non-European companies. At the same time, improve the relevant technological level of local companies in Europe. This series of actions are also accurately in line with the goals put forward by the European Union in the field of new materials industry, such as ensuring energy security, improving the use of resources and promoting public health.
Japan is second only to the United States in the ability to innovate new materials. As early as the eighties and nineties of the last century, the Japanese government began to take a series of supporting measures to promote the development of new materials. However, due to the double constraints of resources and environment, Japan emphasizes that it should pay more attention to the practicability of new materials and consider the coordinated development of environment and resources.
In January 2020, South Korea's Ministry of Industry, Trade and Resources released a "100 core goods research and development" support project to deal with trade restrictions in Japan, which will invest more than 300 billion won in research and development of materials, parts and equipment. A few years before this, South Korea had strongly supported the development of the domestic new materials industry for a long time, and successively issued policies and plans such as the "Nano Fusion 2020 Project", "the third basic Plan of Science and Technology," and "South Korea's Future growth Power Plan." promote the development of domestic new materials technology and industry. This also fully proves South Korea's full assessment of the current situation of its industrial resources and a deep understanding of the need for the vigorous development of cutting-edge new materials.