Engaging in production activities related to military products must pass strict examination and obtain military industrial qualifications. In aero-engine, nuclear power equipment and other fields, the main downstream customers also have their own corresponding qualification certification management system. Manufacturers need to obtain the qualified supplier qualification and certification of relevant customers before they can enter these markets. In addition, in terms of products, cutting-edge applications such as superalloys for aero-engines also need to conduct a long-process verification review of the corresponding brands of products, with a general verification cycle of 3-6 years. These access qualifications are strict, and the inspection cycle is long, which requires enterprises to have strong R & D, management and quality control capabilities.
(2) Technical barriers.
High temperature and high performance alloy and high quality special stainless steel products have high technical barriers and complex processing technology. special smelting and forging processes require technical accumulation and continuous technological innovation. Large advanced metal material production enterprises at home and abroad are the main body of alloy material research and development at the same time, material scientific research and advanced processing technology complement each other, technology and product development are in the leading level in the industry. Material development and production technology research and development is the foundation of the development of enterprises in this industry, new products from the beginning of research and development to the final realization of sales need to go through a series of processes such as demonstration, development, finalization and so on. Therefore, there are high technical barriers in the field of advanced metal materials such as high temperature and high performance alloys and high quality special stainless steel.
(3) Capital barrier.
Research and development, production and sales of high-temperature and high-performance alloys and high-quality special stainless steel and other products are technology-intensive and capital-intensive activities, which have high requirements for the abundance of funds. With the continuous progress of superalloy, high-performance alloy and other product technology, higher requirements are put forward for the production equipment of enterprises. Enterprises need to invest a higher cost in the purchase of advanced production equipment, so as to improve the process level to meet customer needs. At the same time, product research and development also requires continuous capital investment, and the certification cycle of new products is relatively long, which also puts forward certain requirements for the liquidity of enterprises. The combination of the above factors led to the need to have a certain scale of funds to enter the relevant production fields, and the entry of the industry has higher capital barriers.
(4) barriers to industry experience.
The production process of high temperature and high performance alloy and high quality special stainless steel products is complex, the use of professional equipment is large, there are many production personnel, and the process control is difficult. Its production has the characteristics of "multi-variety, multi-specification, small batch", complex manufacturing process, large use of professional equipment, large production personnel, difficulty in process control and so on. The above characteristics require enterprises to establish an advanced production management model in production management, have a management team with rich production management experience and staff with high professional operation skills, and have a higher entry threshold for production organization and management. In addition, without fine management, it is difficult to reduce costs and respond quickly to market changes and customer customization requirements.